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標題: [轉貼] 伊朗伊斯蘭革命衛隊將領Qassem Soleimani命盤 [打印本頁]

作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-4 08:53     標題: 伊朗伊斯蘭革命衛隊將領Qassem Soleimani命盤

卡西姆·蘇萊曼尼
軍事指揮官
「Qassem Soleimani」的圖片搜尋結果

說明

卡西姆·蘇萊曼尼是伊朗伊斯蘭革命衛隊的將領,自1998年起擔任聖城軍的指揮官。2011年晉升少將。 維基百科
出生: 1957 年 3 月 11 日,伊朗Qanat-e Malek, Kerman
逝世: 2020 年 1 月 3 日,伊拉克巴格達
全名: Qasem Soleimani

作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-4 08:53

蘇雷曼尼其人…卡卡+007+隆美爾

25.5k 人追蹤
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編譯李京倫/報導

在伊朗,革命衛隊聖城旅指揮官蘇雷曼尼(Qassem Soleimani)的地位,用一句話形容,叫做「一人之下,萬人之上」。他不僅是最高階的指揮官,更可以上達天聽,只對最高領袖哈米尼報告負責。

檢視相片
美國空襲巴格達國際機場,擊斃伊朗革命衛隊聖城旅指揮官蘇雷曼尼(中)。(美聯社)

在海外,蘇雷曼尼曾被「時代」雜誌評選為全球百大影響力人物,被喻為○○七情報員詹姆士龐德、二戰德軍名將「沙漠之狐」隆美爾以及流行樂巨星「女神卡卡」的複合體。

蘇雷曼尼動員民兵武裝,又與政治領袖展開磋商,為伊朗在中東的代理人戰爭立下汗馬功勞。

路透報導,聖城旅曾在敘利亞內戰中支援總統阿塞德的政府軍,也在伊拉克協助民兵擊敗激進組織伊斯蘭國。聖城旅的成功,使蘇雷曼尼成為伊朗在中東擴大影響力的要角。

去年,伊朗最高領袖哈米尼授予蘇雷曼尼伊朗最高軍事勳章「佐勒菲卡爾勳章」。這是自一九七九年伊朗伊斯蘭共和國建國以來,首次有軍官獲得這種勳章。

不願具名的伊拉克前高級官員二○一四年受訪時說:「蘇雷曼尼不是坐辦公室的人。他上前線視察部隊,目睹戰鬥。他的上級只有最高領袖一人。他需要錢,就能拿到錢;需要軍火,就能拿到軍火;需要物資,就能得到物資。」

蘇雷曼尼二○一八年曾公開挑戰美國總統川普。他在一段網路影片中搖動著手指警告說:「川普先生,你這個賭徒,我告訴你,在你以為我們不存在的地方,其實我們離你很近。你將挑起戰爭,但我們將終結戰爭。」

美國二○一九年將伊朗革命衛隊列為外國恐怖組織,對伊朗極限施壓,以迫使伊朗談判彈道飛彈計劃及核政策。蘇雷曼尼毫不客氣回嗆,與美國談判等於「徹底投降」。

蘇雷曼尼一九五七年三月十一日出生於伊朗東南部拉博爾的農家,十三歲到東部城市克爾曼找了建築工作,好幫助父親償債。

一九七八年伊朗伊斯蘭革命爆發,當時在克爾曼市政水務局工作的蘇雷曼尼,組織了反國王巴勒維的示威。

蘇雷曼尼自願加入革命衛隊,一九八○年兩伊戰爭爆發後,他晉升得很快,後來在伊朗阿富汗邊境打擊毒品走私。一九九八年當上聖城旅指揮官。

一名伊拉克官員說,蘇雷曼尼是「很好的傾聽者,不強人所難,但總能得到想要的東西」,但有時也會令人畏懼。

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資料來源/法新社 製表/李京倫

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作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-4 08:54

卡西姆·蘇萊曼尼[編輯]

維基百科,自由的百科全書
跳至導覽跳至搜尋
將軍
卡西姆·蘇萊曼尼
asem_Soleimani_with_Zolfaghar_Order.jpg" class="image" style="text-decoration-line: none; color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background: none;">Qasem Soleimani with Zolfaghar Order.jpg
2019年
原文名قاسم سلیمانی‎ 
暱稱

哈只卡桑姆」 (支持者稱呼)[1]

「影子指揮官」(西方稱呼)[2]
出生1957年3月11日
State flag of Iran (1964–1980).svg伊朗克爾曼省
逝世2020年1月3日(62歲)[3]
 伊拉克巴格達
效命 伊朗
軍種伊斯蘭革命衛隊
服役年份1979–2020
軍階中將 20- Sepahbod-IRGC.png
部隊聖城軍
統率聖城軍

卡西姆·蘇萊曼尼波斯語قاسم سلیمانی‎,1957年3月11日-2020年1月3日[4])是伊朗伊斯蘭革命衛隊的將領,自1998年起擔任聖城軍的指揮官。[5]2011年晉升少將[6]

早年[編輯]

蘇萊曼尼在克爾曼省拉波爾縣出生,父母是農民。

軍事生涯[編輯]

1979年伊朗伊斯蘭革命成功後,蘇萊曼尼加入新建的革命衛隊,並在兩伊戰爭中作戰。[7]

敘利亞內戰中,蘇萊曼尼協調親伊朗民兵幫助敘利亞政府對抗反政府武裝,並參與策劃和指揮軍事行動。有前美國官員認為巴沙爾政府得以存在至今,蘇萊曼尼功不可沒。[7]

伊斯蘭國攻佔伊拉克北部大片土地後,蘇萊曼尼於2014-15年協助指揮伊拉克政府聯同人民動員進行的反擊伊斯蘭國軍事行動。[8]

蘇萊曼尼曾被西方媒體認為是當時中東地區最有影響力的戰地指揮官和軍事戰略家。[7]他在伊朗在中東地區和美國的外交政策上有巨大的影響力。[9]

2020年1月3日,一架美國MQ-9"收割者"無人機在伊拉克巴格達國際機場附近向蘇萊曼尼的車隊發起攻擊。蘇萊曼尼死於空襲[4][10]。同一天,伊朗追授蘇萊曼尼為中將,最高領袖阿里·哈梅內伊宣布全國哀悼3日,並宣稱發動襲擊的「罪犯」將要等待重大報復,又任命伊斯梅爾·賈尼為蘇萊曼尼的繼任人。[11][10]

https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%8D%A1%E8%A5%BF%E5%A7%86%C2%B7%E8%98%87%E8%90%8A%E6%9B%BC%E5%B0%BC




作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-4 08:56

Qasem Soleimani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Qasem Soleimani
asem_Soleimani_with_Zolfaghar_Order.jpg" class="image" style="text-decoration-line: none; color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background: none;">Qasem Soleimani with Zolfaghar Order.jpg
Soleimani in his official military dress with the Order of Zolfaghar in 2019
Native name
قاسم سلیمانی
Nickname(s)"Haj Qassem" (among supporters)[1]
"The Shadow Commander" (in the West)[2][3][4][5][6]
Born11 March 1957
Qanat-e MalekKermanImperial State of Iran
Died3 January 2020 (aged 62)[7]
Near Baghdad International AirportBaghdadIraq
AllegianceIran
Service/branchIslamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
Years of service1979–2020
RankMajor general
Lieutenant general (posthumously)
Commands held41st Tharallah Division of Kerman
Quds Force
Battles/wars
See battles
AwardsOrder of Zolfaghar (1)[17]
Order of Fath (3)[18]

Qasem Soleimani (Persianقاسم سلیمانی‎, pronounced [ɢɒːseme solejmɒːniː]; 11 March 1957 – 3 January 2020), also spelled Qassem Suleimani or Qassim Soleimani, was an Iranian major general in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and, from 1998 until his death, commander of its Quds Force, a division primarily responsible for extraterritorial military and clandestine operations.

Soleimani began his military career in the beginning of the Iran–Iraq War of the 1980s, during which he eventually commanded the 41st Division. He was later involved in extraterritorial operations, providing military assistance to Hezbollah in Lebanon. In 2012, Soleimani helped bolster the Syrian government, a key Iranian ally, during the Syrian Civil War, particularly in its operations against ISIL and its offshoots. Soleimani also assisted in the command of combined Iraqi government and Shia militia forces that advanced against ISIL in 2014–2015.

Soleimani was killed in a targeted U.S. drone strike on 3 January 2020 in Baghdad, Iraq. Also killed were Iraqi Popular Mobilization Forces members and its deputy head, Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis.[19] Soleimani was posthumously promoted to lieutenant general.[20] He was suceeded by Esmail Ghaani as commander of the Quds Force.[21]

Early life

Soleimani was born on 11 March 1957 in the village of Qanat-e MalekKerman Province,[22] to an impoverished peasant family. In his youth, he moved to the city of Kerman and worked as a construction worker to help repay a debt his father owed. In 1975, he began working as a contractor for the Kerman Water Organization.[23][24] When not at work, he spent his time lifting weights in local gyms and attending the sermons of a traveling preacher, Hojjat Kamyab, a protege of Ayatollah Khomeini.[25]

Military career

Soleimani joined the Revolutionary war Guard (IRGC) in 1979 following the Iranian Revolution, which saw the Shah fall and Ayatollah Khomeini take power. Reportedly, his training was minimal, but he advanced rapidly. Early in his career as a guardsman, he was stationed in northwestern Iran, and participated in the suppression of a Kurdish separatist uprising in West Azerbaijan Province.[25]

On 22 September 1980, when Saddam Hussein launched an invasion of Iran, setting off the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988), Soleimani joined the battlefield serving as the leader of a military company, consisting of men from Kerman whom he personally assembled and trained.[26] He quickly earned a reputation for bravery,[27] and rose through the ranks because of his role in the successful operations in retaking the lands Iraq had occupied, eventually becoming the commander of the 41st Sarallah Division while still in his 20s, participating in most major operations. He was mostly stationed at the southern front.[26][28] He was seriously injured in Operation Tariq-ol-Qods. In a 1990 interview, he mentioned Operation Fath-ol-Mobin as "the best" operation he participated in and "very memorable", due to its difficulties yet positive outcome.[29] He was also engaged in leading and organizing irregular warfare missions deep inside Iraq carried out by the Ramadan Headquarters. It was at this point that Suleimani established relations with Kurdish Iraqi leaders and the Shia Badr Organization, both of which were opposed to Iraq's Saddam Hussein.[26]

On 17 July 1985, Soleimani opposed the IRGC leadership’s plan to deploy forces to two islands in western Arvandroud (Shatt al-Arab).[30]

After the war, during the 1990s, he was an IRGC commander in Kerman Province.[28] In this region, which is relatively close to Afghanistan, Afghan-grown opium travels to Turkey and on to Europe. Soleimani's military experience helped him earn a reputation as a successful fighter against drug trafficking.[25]

During the 1999 student revolt in Tehran, Soleimani was one of the IRGC officers who signed a letter to President Mohammad Khatami. The letter stated that if Khatami did not crush the student rebellion the military would, and it might also launch a coup against Khatami.[25][31]

Command of Quds Force

Qasem Soleimani Reading Quran in Memorial ceremony of Akbar Hashemi

The exact date of his appointment as commander of the IRGC's Quds Force is not clear, but Ali Alfoneh cites it as between 10 September 1997 and 21 March 1998.[24] He was considered one of the possible successors to the post of commander of the IRGC, when General Yahya Rahim Safavi left this post in 2007. In 2008, he led a group of Iranian investigators looking into the death of Imad Mughniyah. Soleimani helped arrange a ceasefire between the Iraqi Army and Mahdi Army in March 2008.[32]

Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, Ryan Crocker, a senior State Department official in the United States, flew to Geneva to meet with Iranian diplomats who were under the direction of Soleimani with the purpose of collaborating to destroy the Taliban, which had targeted Shia Afghanis.[25] This collaboration was instrumental in defining the targets of bombing operations in Afghanistan and in capturing key Al-Qaeda operatives, but abruptly ended in January 2002, when President George W. Bush named Iran as part of the "Axis of evil" in his State of the Union address.[25]

In 2009, a leaked report stated that General Soleimani met Christopher R. Hill and General Raymond T. Odierno (America's two most senior officials in Baghdad at the time) in the office of Iraq’s president, Jalal Talabani (who knew General Soleimani for decades). Hill and General Odierno denied the occurrence of the meeting.[33]

On 24 January 2011, Soleimani was promoted to Major General by Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.[28][34] Khamenei was described as having a close relationship with him, calling Soleimani a "living martyr" and helping him financially.[25]

Soleimani was described as "the single most powerful operative in the Middle East today" and the principal military strategist and tactician in Iran's effort to combat Western influence and promote the expansion of Shiite and Iranian influence throughout the Middle East.[25] In Iraq, as the commander of the Quds force, he was believed to have strongly influenced the organization of the Iraqi government, notably supporting the election of previous Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri Al-Maliki.[25][35] Soleimani has even been described as being "Iran’s very own Erwin Rommel".[36]

According to some sources, Soleimani was the principal leader and architect of the military wing of the Lebanese Shia party Hezbollah since his appointment as Quds commander in 1998.[25] In an interview aired in October 2019, he said he was in Lebanon during the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah war to oversee the conflict.[37]

Syrian Civil War

According to several sources, including Riad Hijab, a former Syrian premier who defected in August 2012, he was also one of the staunchest supporters of the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad in the Syrian Civil War.[25][35] In the later half of 2012, Soleimani assumed personal control of the Iranian intervention in the Syrian Civil War, when Iranians became deeply concerned about the Assad government's lack of ability to fight the opposition, and the fallout to the Islamic Republic if the Syrian government fell. He was reported to have coordinated the war from a base in Damascus at which a Lebanese Hezbollah commander and an Iraqi Shiite militia coordinator have been mobilized, in addition to Syrian and Iranian officers. Brigadier General Hossein Hamadani, the Basij’s former deputy commander, helped to run irregular militias that Soleimani hoped to continue the fight if Assad fell.[25] Under Soleimani the command "coordinated attacks, trained militias, and set up an elaborate system to monitor rebel communications". According to a Middle Eastern security official Dexter Filkins talked to, thousands of Quds Force and Iraqi Shiite militiamen in Syria were "spread out across the entire country.”[25] The retaking of Qusayr in May 2013 from rebel forces was, according to John Maguire, a former CIA officer in Iraq, "orchestrated" by Soleimani.[25]

Soleimani was much credited in Syria for the strategy that assisted President Bashar al-Assad in finally repulsing rebel forces and recapture key cities and towns.[38] He was involved in the training of government-allied militias and the coordination of decisive military offensives.[25] The sighting of Iranian UAVs in Syria strongly suggested that his command, the Quds force, was involved in the civil war.[25] In a visit to the Lebanese capital Beirut on Thursday 29 January 2015, Soleimani laid wreaths at the graves of the slain Hezbollah members, including Jihad Mughniyah, the son of late Hezbollah commander Imad Mughniyah which strengthens some possibilities about his role in Hezbollah military reaction on Israel.[39]

Soleimani helped form of the National Defence Forces (NDF) in Syria.[40]

In October 2015, it was reported that he had been instrumental in devising during his visit to Moscow in July 2015 the Russian–Iranian–Syrian offensive in October 2015.[41]

War on ISIS in Iraq

The east of Saladin Governorate in Iraq, where Qasem Soleimani was involved in breaking the Siege of Amirli by ISIL[42]

Qasem Soleimani was in the Iraqi city of Amirli, to work with the Iraqi forces to push back militants from ISIL.[43][44] According to the Los Angeles Times, which reported that Amerli was the first town to successfully withstand an ISIS invasion, it was secured thanks to "an unusual partnership of Iraqi and Kurdish soldiers, Iranian-backed Shiite militias and U.S. warplanes". The US acted as a force multiplier for a number of Iranian-backed armed groups—at the same time that was present on the battlefield.[45][46]

A senior Iraqi official told the BBC that when the city of Mosul fell, the rapid reaction of Iran, rather than American bombing, was what prevented a more widespread collapse.[10] Qasem Soleimani also seems to have been instrumental in planning the operation to relieve Amirli in Saladin Governorate, where ISIL had laid siege to an important city.[42] In fact the Quds force operatives under Soleimani's command seem to have been deeply involved with not only the Iraqi army and Shi'ite militias but also the Kurdish in the battle of Amirli,[47] not only providing liaisons for intelligence sharing but also the supply of arms and munitions in addition to "providing expertise".[48]

In the operation to liberate Jurf Al Sakhar, he was reportedly "present on the battlefield". Some Shia militia commanders described Soleimani as "fearless"—one pointing out that the Iranian general never wears a flak jacket, even on the front lines.[49]

Soleimani was also intimately involved in the planning and execution of the operation to liberate Tikrit[50][51]

Hadi al-Amiri, the former Iraqi minister of transportation and the head of the Badr Organization [an official Iraqi political party whose military wing is one of the largest armed forces in the country] highlighted the pivotal role of General Qasem Soleimani in defending Iraq's Kurdistan Region against the ISIL terrorist group, maintaining that if it were not for Iran, Heidar al-Ebadi's government would have been a government-in-exile right now[52] and he added there would be no Iraq if Gen. Soleimani hadn't helped us.[53]

There were reports by some Western sources that Soleimani was seriously wounded in action against ISIL in Samarra. The claim was rejected by Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister for Arab and African Affairs Hossein Amir-Abdollahian.[54]

Soleimani played an integral role in the organisation and planning of the crucial operation to retake the city of Tikrit in Iraq from ISIS. The city of Tikrit rests on the left bank of the Tigris river and is the largest and most important city between Baghdad and Mosul, gifting it a high strategic value. The city fell to ISIS during 2014 when ISIS made immense gains in northern and central Iraq. After its capture, ISIL's massacre at Camp Speicher led to 1,600 to 1,700 deaths of Iraqi Army cadets and soldiers. After months of careful preparation and intelligence gathering an offensive to encircle and capture Tikrit was launched in early March 2015.[51] Soleimani was directing the operations on the eastern flank from a village about 35 miles from Tikrit called Albu Rayash, captured over the weekend.[citation needed] The offensive was the biggest military operation in the Salahuddin region since the previous summer, when ISIS fighters killed hundreds of Iraq army soldiers who had abandoned their military base at Camp Speicher outside Tikrit.[citation needed]

Orchestration of military escalation in 2015

In 2015 Soleimani started to gather support from various sources in order to combat the newly resurgent ISIL and rebel groups which were both successful in taking large swathes of territory away from Assad's forces. He was reportedly the main architect of the joint intervention involving Russia as a new partner with Assad and Hezbollah.[55][56][57]

According to Reuters, at a meeting in Moscow in July, Soleimani unfurled a map of Syria to explain to his Russian hosts how a series of defeats for President Bashar al-Assad could be turned into victory—with Russia's help. Qasem Soleimani's visit to Moscow was the first step in planning for a Russian military intervention that has reshaped the Syrian war and forged a new Iranian–Russian alliance in support of the Syrian (and Iraqi) governments. Iran's supreme leader, Ali Khamenei also sent a senior envoy to Moscow to meet President Vladimir Putin. "Putin reportedly told the envoy 'Okay we will intervene. Send Qassem Soleimani'. General Soleimani went to explain the map of the theatre and coordinate the strategic escalation of military forces in Syria.[56]

Operations in Aleppo

Map of the offensive.[58][59][60][61][62][63]

Soleimani had a decisive impact on the theatre of operations and led to a strong advance in southern Aleppo with the government and allied forces re-capturing two military bases and dozens of towns and villages in a matter of weeks. There was also a series of major advances towards Kuweiris air-base to the north-east.[64] By mid-November, the Syrian army and its allies had gained ground in southern areas of Aleppo Governorate, capturing numerous rebel strongholds. Soleimani was reported to have personally led the drive deep into the southern Aleppo countryside where many towns and villages fell into government hands. He reportedly commanded the Syrian Arab Army’s 4th Mechanized Division, Hezbollah, Harakat Al-Nujaba (Iraqi), Kata'ib Hezbollah (Iraqi), Liwaa Abu Fadl Al-Abbas (Iraqi), and Firqa Fatayyemoun (Afghan/Iranian volunteers).[65]

Soleimani was lightly wounded while fighting in Syria, outside of Al-Eis. Reports initially speculated that he was seriously or gravely injured.[66] He was quoted as saying, "Martyrdom is what I seek in mountains and valleys, but it isn't granted yet".[67]

In early February 2016, backed by Russian and Syrian air force airstrikes, the 4th Mechanized Division – in close coordination with Hezbollah, the National Defense Forces (NDF), Kata'eb Hezbollah, and Harakat Al-Nujaba – launched an offensive in Aleppo Governorate's northern countryside,[68] which eventually broke the three-year siege of Nubl and Al-Zahraa and cut off rebel's main supply route from Turkey. According to a senior, non-Syrian security source close to Damascus, Iranian fighters played a crucial role in the conflict. "Qassem Soleimani is there in the same area", he said.[69] In December 2016, new photos emerged of Soleimani at the Citadel of Aleppo, though the exact date of the photos is unknown.[70][71]

Operations in 2016 and 2017

In 2016, photos published by a Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) source showed Iran's Quds Force commander Qassem Suleimani and other PMF commanders discussing the Battle of Fallujah.[72]

In late March 2017, Soleimani was seen in the northern Hama Governorate countryside, reportedly aiding Maj. Gen. Suheil al-Hassan in repelling a major rebel offensive.[16]

CIA chief Mike Pompeo said that he sent Soleimani and other Iranian leaders a letter holding them responsible for any attacks on US interests by forces under their control. According to Mohammad Mohammadi Golpayegani, a senior aide for Iran's supreme leader, Soleimani ignored the letter when it was handed over to him during the Abu Kamal offensive against ISIL, saying "I will not take your letter nor read it and I have nothing to say to these people."[73][74]

In politics

In 1999, Soleimani, along with other senior IRGC commanders, signed a letter to then-President Mohammad Khatami regarding the student protests in July. They wrote "Dear Mr. Khatami, how long do we have to shed tears, sorrow over the events, practice democracy by chaos and insults, and have revolutionary patience at the expense of sabotaging the system? Dear president, if you don't make a revolutionary decision and act according to your Islamic and national missions, tomorrow will be so late and irrecoverable that cannot be even imagined."[75]

Iranian media reported in 2012 that he might be replaced as the commander of Quds Force in order to allow him to run in the 2013 presidential election.[76] He reportedly refused to be nominated for the election.[75] According to BBC News, in 2015 a campaign started among conservative bloggers for Soleimani to stand for 2017 presidential election.[77] In 2016, he was speculated as a possible candidate,[75][78] however in a statement published on 15 September 2016, he called speculations about his candidacy as "divisive reports by the enemies" and said he will "always remain a simple soldier serving Iran and the Islamic Revolution".[79]

In the summer of 2018, Soleimani and Tehran exchanged public remarks related to Red Sea shipping with American President Donald Trump which heightened tensions between the two countries and their allies in the region.[80]

Personal life

Soleimani was a Persian from Kerman. His father was a farmer who died in 2017. His mother, Fatemeh, died in 2013.[81] He came from a family of nine and had five sisters and one brother, Sohrab, who lived and worked with Soleimani in his youth.[82] Sohrab Soleimani is a warden and former director general of the Tehran Prisons Organization. The United States imposed sanctions on Sohrab Soleimani in April 2017 "for his role in abuses in Iranian prisons".[83]

Soleimani had dan in karate and was a fitness trainer in his youth. He had four children: two sons and two daughters.[84]

Sanctions

In March 2007, Soleimani was included on a list of Iranian individuals targeted with sanctions in United Nations Security Council Resolution 1747.[85] On 18 May 2011, he was sanctioned again by the United States along with Syrian president Bashar al-Assad and other senior Syrian officials due to his alleged involvement in providing material support to the Syrian government.[86]

On 24 June 2011, the Official Journal of the European Union said the three Iranian Revolutionary Guard members now subject to sanctions had been "providing equipment and support to help the Syrian government suppress protests in Syria".[87] The Iranians added to the EU sanctions list were two Revolutionary Guard commanders, Soleimani, Mohammad Ali Jafari, and the Guard's deputy commander for intelligence, Hossein Taeb.[88] Soleimani was also sanctioned by the Swiss government in September 2011 due to the same grounds cited by the European Union.[89]

He was listed by the United States as a known terrorist, which forbade U.S. citizens from doing business with him.[32][90] The list, published in the EU's Official Journal on 24 June 2011, also included a Syrian property firm, an investment fund and two other enterprises accused of funding the Syrian government. The list also included Mohammad Ali Jafari and Hossein Taeb.[91]

On 13 November 2018, the United States sanctioned an Iraqi military leader named Shibl Muhsin ‘Ubayd Al-Zaydi and others who allegedly were acting on Qasem Soleimani's behalf in financing military actions in Syria or otherwise providing support for terrorism in the region.[92]

Death

Qasem Soleimani (left) with Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis (right) at a 2017 ceremony commemorating the father of Soleimani, in Mosalla, Tehran.

Soleimani was killed on 3 January 2020 around 1 am local time (22:00 UTC on 2 January)[93], after missiles shot from American drones targeted his convoy near Baghdad International Airport.[94] He had just left his plane, which arrived in Iraq from Lebanon or Syria.[95] His body was identified using a ring he wore on his finger, with DNA confirmation still pending.[96] Also killed were four members of the Popular Mobilization Forces, including Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the Iraqi-Iranian military commander who headed the PMF.[97]

The airstrike followed attacks on the American embassy in Baghdad by supporters of an Iran-backed Iraqi Shia militia and the 2019 K-1 Air Base attack.[98]

The United States Department of Defense issued a statement that said the U.S. strike was carried out "at the direction of the President" and asserted that Soleimani had been planning further attacks on American diplomats and military personnel and had approved the attacks on the American embassy in Baghdad in response to U.S. airstrikes in Iraq and Syria on 29 December 2019, and that the strike was meant to deter future attacks.[99][100]

Soleimani was posthumously promoted to lieutenant general.[101][20] He was suceeded by Esmail Ghaani as commander of the Quds Force.[21]

Cultural depictions

He was described as having "a calm presence",[102] and as carrying himself "inconspicuously and rarely rais[ing] his voice", exhibiting "understated charisma".[27] In Western sources, Suleimani's personality was compared to the fictional characters KarlaKeyser Söze,[27] and The Scarlet Pimpernel.[103]

Unlike other IRGC commanders, he usually did not appear in his official military clothing, even in the battlefield.[104][105]

In January 2015, Hadi Al-Ameri the head of the Badr Organization in Iraq said of him: "If Qasem Soleimani were not present in Iraq, Haider al-Abadi would not be able to form his cabinet within Iraq".[106]

The British magazine The Week featured a cartoon Soleimani of in bed with Uncle Sam in 2015, which indicated to both sides fighting ISIS, although Soleimani was leading militant groups that killed hundreds of Americans during the Iraq War.[107]

The 2016 movie Bodyguard, directed by Ebrahim Hatamikia, was inspired by Soleimani's activities.[108]

The 2016 Persian book Noble Comrades 17: Hajj Qassem, written by Ali Akbari Mozdabadi, contains memoirs of Qassem Soleimani.[109]

Gallery

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qasem_Soleimani



作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-4 18:34

這個相位在上個禮拜才教過,確實不是最嚴厲的,還有其他更凶的相位,老天爺在本週就立刻來示範,嚇死人了!真的是針對軍人而來的,台灣有參謀總長沈一鳴折損,另一名是伊朗將領Qassem Soleimani,被美軍3枚飛彈擊斃!兩人同樣都在1957年三月裡出生,巧合?

作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-5 09:54

伊朗指揮官遭美國斬首 最後36小時暴露行蹤

12.9k 人追蹤
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The Central News Agency 中央通訊社

(中央社記者何宏儒安卡拉5日專電)伊朗聖城部隊指揮官蘇雷曼尼遭美國狙殺。據報他生前最後36小時行蹤暴露,一路遭到嚴密監控。就連發動攻擊的無人機都在巴格達機場上空盤旋,等待他的車隊出發才下手。

伊朗革命衛隊聖城部隊(Quds Force)指揮官蘇雷曼尼(Qasem Soleimani)和伊拉克民兵組織人民動員(Hashed al-Shaabi)指揮官穆罕迪斯(Abu Mehdi al-Muhandis)3日命喪美國對巴格達國際機場的空襲行動。

獨立新聞媒體「中東之眼」( Middle East Eye)報導,都在美國要犯名單上的兩人,生前不使用現代化科技、奉行嚴格安全措施,避免讓美方有機可乘。

與穆罕迪斯關係密切的武裝派系領導人指出,兩人向來不事先約定時間、不宣布地點,「他們搭乘定期航班」、「不會通過機場正常管道在護照上蓋章戳、不用智慧型手機、移動時坐一般汽車,車上的人越少越好」。

這名領導人還說:「大體而言,要追蹤他們很難。不過大馬士革和巴格達機場充斥著親美情報人士,因此他們才會被逮著。」

根據熟知蘇雷曼尼行蹤的伊拉克官員指出,他通常只從數個地點進入伊拉克,有時候會像3日遭擊殺那天一樣從巴格達國際機場入境,有時則是飛到南部納加夫(Najaf)國際機場,要不就走陸路從位在巴格達以東大約120公里的迪雅拉省(Diyala)孟堤瑞亞(Munthiriya)邊界關卡入境。

不過,蘇雷曼尼飛到伊拉克北部庫德自治區入境,再驅車南赴巴格達,這樣的情況越來越多。

然而,黎巴嫩什葉派基本教義民兵組織真主黨(Hezbollah)一名領導人指出,這次就算他走上述其他管道入境伊拉克,都難逃一死,因為「最後36小時的行程暴露了他的行蹤」。

這名真主黨領導人說:「聽起來似乎他2日從德黑蘭抵大馬士革那一刻開始,一直到3日在巴格達遭到暗殺為止,都一路遭到嚴密監控。」

蘇雷曼尼2日上午抵大馬士革機場,在敘利亞首都沒有跟任何人見面,下機直接驅車前往黎巴嫩貝魯特,與真主黨秘書長納斯拉勒(Hassan Nasrallah)見面。

上述消息人士說:「他們坐著商討伊拉克最新情勢數個小時,尤其談到美國最近空襲(伊拉克民兵)真主黨旅(Kataeb Hezbollah),以及幾天前巴格達的美國大使館遭到攻擊等。」協調伊朗支持的區域武裝勢力行動,並就他們與美國可能的對抗進行準備,是這場談話的目的。

蘇雷曼尼在貝魯特待的時間比預期還要短,2日晚間就又驅車回到大馬士革。他在大馬士革機場搭乘敘利亞韃靼之翼航空公司(Cham Wings)班機抵達巴格達,機上還有其他乘客。那班飛機原定起飛時間是當晚8時20分,但根據航空公司的公開資訊,班機因不明原因而延誤到10時28分才起飛。

約莫同一時間,穆罕迪斯接獲蘇雷曼尼很快就會抵達伊拉克的消息,便箋內容只寫上航空公司名稱和抵達時間。

穆罕迪斯自己本來都坐敞蓬車,不過這一次不是。他要求親信雅布瑞(Mohammed Ridha Jabri)安排接機,並且下令雅布瑞開車到航廈迎賓。

巴格達國際機場自2003年以來安檢嚴格,在伊拉克情報和國安機構監督下,由英國保全公司G4S負責維安。與美國合作的伊拉克反恐部隊則負責機場周邊、上空和聯外道路安全。

進出機場的一般旅客在航廈外10公里長的路段須通過數個檢查站,不過由大咖接送的乘客或官員可以走VIP道,只要對一個檢查站事先通知乘客身分、車輛外觀和登記資料即可。送達的任何資料都會通報到機場安全當局、國安和情報機構,以及G4S。

穆罕迪斯被美方和他在伊拉克的敵手們視為在伊拉克執行伊朗意志的頭號危險人物,美國對他監控多年。雅布瑞開車的話,車上坐的只會是穆罕迪斯,這早已不是秘密。而親近穆罕迪斯的其他領導人透露,除了蘇雷曼尼之外,穆罕迪斯不會給別人接機。

熟知內情的美方消息人士指出,他們接獲蘇雷曼尼即將抵達巴格達、穆罕迪斯接機後將一起回到他位在巴格達綠區(Green Zone)住家的情資。有3名伊拉克安全官員、數名人民動員領導人都證實上述計畫。

根據韃靼之翼航空的公開資訊,蘇雷曼尼搭乘的班機於伊拉克時間淩晨0時32分降落巴格達。蘇雷曼尼,以及包括他一名女婿在內的另外兩名隨員根本沒有等待,穆罕迪斯就迅速低調接機。來賓文件和行李則交給國安官員處理。

報導指出,但是迎賓用的Hyundai Starks和Toyota Avalon兩部車沒有離開機場太遠,就在巴格達西郊的3起爆炸中變成廢鐵。

根據中東之眼記者看到的伊拉克國安報告指出,當地時間3日凌晨1時45分巴格達機場發生上述爆炸,初步調查顯示,3枚導引飛彈對那兩部車鎖定攻擊。與Toyota Avalon相距約100至120公尺的Hyundai Starks先遭到一枚飛彈攻擊,第2枚飛彈差一點就擊中試圖加速的Toyota汽車,它後來還是被第3枚飛彈擊中。

伊拉克當局耗費數個小時才確認死者,有些人已燒成焦炭。不過蘇雷曼尼因為左手手指上戴著巨大且獨特戒指,很容易就被認出來。

人民動員一名重要領導人告訴中東之眼:「(美方)此一任務由無人機執行,非常精準,不是臨時發起的行動。我們蒐集到的情資顯示,那架無人機在上空盤旋,等待他們出發。」

這名領導人還說,蘇雷曼尼車隊離開機場時,有兩部車對車隊超車,使美方行動一度遭到干擾,不過無人機還是有辦法鎖定目標。

「我們知道美方追殺兩人已久,一直沒有成功,顯然他們(指美方)買通兩人身邊人士,以便掌握他們的行蹤,決定暗殺地點和時間。武裝派系領導人現在剉咧等,因為不曉得美國人已經對他們滲透到什麼程度,更不知道接下來還有什麼事會發生。」(編輯:劉學源)1090105

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E4%BC%8A%E6%9C%97%E6%8C%87%E6%8F%AE%E5%AE%98%E9%81%AD%E7%BE%8E%E5%9C%8B%E6%96%AC%E9%A6%96-%E6%9C%80%E5%BE%8C36%E5%B0%8F%E6%99%82%E6%9A%B4%E9%9C%B2%E8%A1%8C%E8%B9%A4-220620539.html


作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-5 09:56

伊朗揚言報復美國 4個可能選項準備出招

45.1k 人追蹤
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美軍擊殺伊朗革命衛隊精銳聖城部隊(Quds Force)指揮官蘇雷曼尼(Qassem Soleimani),伊朗揚言「嚴厲報復」,並可能運用自身的不對稱戰爭經驗,對付死對頭美國。

伊朗與伊拉克於1980至1988年展開長達8年的兩伊戰爭,伊朗因為這場傷亡慘重戰事體認到不對稱戰爭的優勢。加上伊朗在伊拉克、敘利亞、黎巴嫩及其他國家的強大影響力,意味伊朗可能擁有多種手段,可以在區域內對抗美國勢力。

至於報復蘇雷曼尼之死的選項,法新社彙整以下4個伊朗可能採取的手段。

●策動代理人戰爭掀起遍地烽火

從葉門叛軍青年運動(Houthi)、伊拉克什葉派民兵到黎巴嫩的真主黨(Hezbollah),伊朗在整個中東地區支持有實力可興風作浪的武裝勢力。

伊拉克即將成為主要的戰場,親伊朗的什葉派民兵可能力圖趕走駐在當地的美軍,顛覆伊拉克政府,製造新的國內政治危機。

已陷入政治與金融動盪的黎巴嫩,真主黨可能會在當地製造麻煩,而葉門的和平希望也可能遭到打擊。

●網路攻擊

對伊朗而言,發動網路攻擊是更巧妙的方法。分析家研判,伊朗已加強攻擊西方國家網路基礎設施的能力,並已建置效忠伊朗的「網軍」。

非營利組織法國信息安全俱樂部(CLUSIF)負責人庫耶佐(Loic Guezo)表示,伊朗網路攻擊的首要之務就是摧毀水壩或電廠等工業目標。

●破壞原油供應

蘇雷曼尼遭狙殺,市場憂心中東原油供應恐受阻,國際油價聞訊大漲超過4%。最令人憂心的是伊朗可能封鎖戰略重要航道荷莫茲海峽(Strait of Hormuz)。

先前沙烏地阿拉伯煉油廠遇襲,西方國家指控伊朗是這起攻擊案的幕後指使者,而伊朗近幾個月來屢屢在波斯灣水域扣押油輪。

●發動軍事攻擊

最具毀滅性的情況莫過於伊朗發射彈道飛彈,攻擊美國、以色列或沙烏地阿拉伯在中東地區的設施,此舉將掀起全面性的區域衝突,不過分析人士表示,伊朗比較不可能發動軍事攻擊。

國際危機組織(International Crisis Group)伊拉克、敘利亞、黎巴嫩事務主任威門(Heiko Wimmen)表示:「基本的假設仍是美國與伊朗都想要對方讓步,而非直接開戰。」

但他說:「我們無法得知伊朗是否認為激烈升溫和報復是最佳策略,或者他們是否會採取慎重、甚至非暴力的因應之道。」

不過,所有的報復選項都會造成情勢迅速升高的風險,伊朗領導階層將審慎衡量對於政權造成的危害。

美國智庫蘭德公司(Rand Corporation)伊朗專家塔巴泰白(Ariane Tabatabai)表示:「我們無法預測伊朗將選擇什麼方向,但我們瞭解,伊朗的行動是經過深思熟慮的,並會採取非常審慎的作為。」

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E4%BC%8A%E6%9C%97%E6%8F%9A%E8%A8%80%E5%A0%B1%E5%BE%A9%E7%BE%8E%E5%9C%8B-4%E5%80%8B%E5%8F%AF%E8%83%BD%E9%81%B8%E9%A0%85%E6%BA%96%E5%82%99%E5%87%BA%E6%8B%9B-132501540.html



作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-5 10:01

重回獵殺現場!蘇雷曼尼死無全屍 一枚戒指辨身分

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編譯周辰陽/即時報導

美國總統川普3日發表演說,指出下令無人機擊殺伊朗革命衛隊指揮官蘇雷曼尼,目的不是發動戰爭,而是阻止戰爭發生。

美媒透露,美軍早已掌握蘇雷曼尼的行蹤。他1日出現在敘利亞,接著前往黎巴嫩,2日飛抵伊拉克巴格達,飛機才剛降落,美軍兩架「死神」無人機就已凌空盤旋。等一行人分乘兩輛汽車離開時,兩架無人機同時發射共四枚地獄火飛彈,精準炸死蘇雷曼尼和真主黨旅指揮官穆漢迪斯(Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis)等人。

土耳其國營通訊社拍到的襲擊後畫面可看到,車輛殘骸在路肩燃燒,支離破碎的遺體放置在路面,從其中一人手指上的戒指可證實蘇雷曼尼被炸身亡。

蘇雷曼尼指揮革命衛隊「聖城旅」,替伊朗進行海外代理人戰爭,負責情報、訓練等非實戰工作,直屬於最高領袖哈米尼,可稱是「一人之下,萬人之上」。

川普表示,蘇雷曼尼是全球頭號恐怖分子,正計畫攻擊美國的外交官員與軍事人員,但被美方當場逮到、就地終結,還指美國早該收拾掉蘇雷曼尼。

國務卿龐培歐接受福斯新聞訪問指出,蘇雷曼尼近日積極在伊拉克附近國家活動,就是在策畫一場重大攻擊,除了針對美國外也不惜捲入當地人。龐培歐還順便批評歐洲盟友在這件事情上「沒幫太多忙」。「英國、法國、德國都必須要了解,」他說:「美國所做的事也是在保護歐洲人。」

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E5%BD%B1-%E9%87%8D%E5%9B%9E%E7%8D%B5%E6%AE%BA%E7%8F%BE%E5%A0%B4-%E8%98%87%E9%9B%B7%E6%9B%BC%E5%B0%BC%E6%AD%BB%E7%84%A1%E5%85%A8%E5%B1%8D-%E6%9E%9A%E6%88%92%E6%8C%87%E8%BE%A8%E8%BA%AB%E5%88%86-065337216.html


作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-6 09:18

按照目前的天象走勢,美國、伊朗正式大規模開打的機率頗低,就是類似這種小規模狙殺、擦槍走火的事件是可能的,雙方軍隊集結、嘴砲放話是可能的,還不會全面開打。不必恐慌,等等三、四月春暖花開才會大戰,等時間接近點再來提醒大家小心!

作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-6 11:01

Qassem3枚飛彈狙殺(星盤)


Qassem遭3枚飛彈狙殺.JPG
2020-1-6 11:01



圖片附件: Qassem遭3枚飛彈狙殺.JPG (2020-1-6 11:01, 83.04 KB) / 下載次數 121
http://astromalon.com/attachment.php?aid=51602&k=f064743104da1452f6afcbad3159e7eb&t=1642716161&sid=f4xfMm


作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-6 17:13

掌管中東軍事行動 美軍擊殺伊朗將軍來頭超大

   
蘇萊曼尼遭美軍空襲身亡。(法新社)

蘇萊曼尼遭美軍空襲身亡。(法新社)

2020-01-03 14:23:17

〔即時新聞/綜合報導〕美軍今日空襲伊拉克巴格達國際機場,並擊殺伊朗菁英部隊「聖城軍」指揮官伊朗少將蘇萊曼尼(Qasem Soleimani),消息一出引發全球震驚,因為蘇萊曼尼並非泛泛之輩,甚至可以說他的軍事影響力遍布整個中東。

《CNN》報導,過去數十年,伊朗在敘利亞、伊拉克、葉門等地進行代理人戰爭,還掌握了大部分的黎巴嫩,而這一連串的成果,都是由蘇萊曼尼負責執行。

美國前中央司令部司令沃特爾(Joseph Votel)在2018年曾表示,「不管你在哪目睹伊朗活動,你就會看見蘇萊曼尼,無論是敘利亞、伊拉克或是葉門,他和他的聖城軍就在那裡,從事破壞區域穩定的行動,對我們來說是一大威脅。」

美國國防部長艾斯培(Mark Esper)稍早才說,伊朗或伊朗支持的勢力可能正在計劃進一步攻擊,美國可能必須採取先發制人的行動,不久便傳出美國空襲巴格達機場的消息。美國五角大廈表示,本次的空襲是由美國總統川普下令執行。

蘇萊曼尼在乘車遭空襲身亡,連同他共7人喪生;伊朗外交部長扎里夫(Javad Zarif)痛批,美國此舉將使緊張局勢劇烈升高。

https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/breakingnews/3028679


作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-6 17:14

美斬首攻擊 襲殺伊朗革命衛隊指揮官

   
美軍無人機在3日凌晨空襲巴格達國際機場,炸死伊朗「聖城軍」指揮官蘇萊曼尼少將(中)。(美聯社)

美軍無人機在3日凌晨空襲巴格達國際機場,炸死伊朗「聖城軍」指揮官蘇萊曼尼少將(中)。(美聯社)

2020-01-04 05:30:00

美軍無人機 空襲巴格達機場

〔編譯茅毅/綜合報導〕美軍三日奉總統川普命令,出動無人機在凌晨空襲巴格達國際機場,以飛彈炸死伊朗革命衛隊的「聖城軍(Quds Force)」指揮官蘇萊曼尼(Qasem Soleimani)少將,與伊朗支持的伊拉克民兵組織「人民動員(Hashed al-Shaabi)」副指揮官穆罕迪斯(Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis)。伊朗「最高領袖」哈米尼隨即矢言採取「嚴厲報復」,伊拉克則強烈譴責美國侵犯主權。

美軍發動「斬首」行動,代表伊朗和美國及以色列與沙烏地阿拉伯等美國盟邦間在中東地區的「影子戰爭」快速升溫,恐迅速升高為報復性攻擊。伊朗總統羅哈尼指控美國犯下「令人髮指的罪行」,「伊朗會報復」。倫敦市場北海布侖特原油及紐約市場西德州中級原油的價格,均一度應聲飆漲逾四%,前者盤中曾逼近每桶七十美元大關。

國際原油 一度應聲漲逾四%

川普三日在推特發文,指蘇萊曼尼多年來殺傷數千名美國人,「早就該死」,這次是在計畫殺害更多人前「被逮到」。美國國務卿龐皮歐指出,蘇萊曼尼正計畫發起行動,「威脅迫在眉睫」,狙殺的行動「合法」,美國無意與伊朗開戰,但不會坐視美國人性命面臨危險。

伊朗矢言嚴厲報復 中東緊張

蘇萊曼尼、穆罕迪斯與幾名人民動員的領導高層的車隊,三日正要離開巴格達國際機場時,一架美國MQ-9「死神」無人機發射四枚飛彈擊毀兩輛車輛,共造成七人死亡。美國國防部表示,為保護中東地區各地的美國外交官和軍事人員,美軍採取果斷的防衛行動,此一攻擊旨在嚇阻伊朗未來的攻擊計畫。美國隨後呼籲所有公民立即離開伊拉克。

去年十二月三十一日,上萬親伊朗的伊拉克民眾以美軍二十九日空襲伊朗支持的伊拉克民兵組織「真主黨旅(Kataib Hezbollah)」,造成廿五名戰士死亡為由,包圍並攻擊在巴格達的美國駐伊拉克大使館,迫使美國緊急增兵護衛使館。而真主黨旅即由穆罕迪斯建立。

美軍無人機在3日凌晨空襲巴格達國際機場,炸死伊朗「聖城軍」指揮官蘇萊曼尼少將。(路透)

美軍無人機在3日凌晨空襲巴格達國際機場,炸死伊朗「聖城軍」指揮官蘇萊曼尼少將。(路透)

https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1343504


作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-6 17:20

伊朗英雄被斬首 以色列升高警戒

   
喀什米爾民眾舉伊朗最高領袖哈米尼及蘇萊曼尼的肖像,高呼反美及反以色列口號。(美聯社)

喀什米爾民眾舉伊朗最高領袖哈米尼及蘇萊曼尼的肖像,高呼反美及反以色列口號。(美聯社)

2020-01-04 05:30:00

蘇萊曼尼被視為伊朗未來的總統人選

〔編譯茅毅、管淑平/綜合報導〕伊朗革命衛隊勁旅「聖城軍」指揮官蘇萊曼尼,三日被美軍以無人機空襲「斬首」,伊朗「最高領袖」哈米尼宣布,全國哀悼三天。蘇在伊朗國內是家喻戶曉的英雄,乃伊朗在中東各地遂行「代理人戰爭」的要角,被視為是未來的伊朗總統人選,早就被美國及其在該地區的盟邦以色列和沙烏地阿拉伯盯上。法新社引述專家說法,指這是美國至今最重大的斬首行動,比擊殺「開打」和「伊斯蘭國」首腦賓拉丹與巴格達迪還重要。

美軍斬首行動在國際上除盟友以色列大力讚揚外,其他國家多不認同,俄國、法國與土耳其指此舉只會加劇動盪與衝突,中國則呼籲各方自制。以色列總理納坦雅胡中斷希臘訪問行程返國,稱讚川普行動迅速、果決且有力;但他同時下令軍方進入高度警戒,防止報復攻擊。英國呼籲各方緩和局勢,也下令提高駐中東各基地的安全和戰備。德國政府下令駐伊拉克軍隊禁止離營,警告中東情勢已達「危險的惡化點」。

六十二歲的蘇萊曼尼過去二十年負責伊朗在境外的秘密作戰行動。他及伊朗支持的伊拉克民兵組織「人民動員」副指揮官穆罕迪斯,都被視為伊朗抵抗敵人的英雄。在一九七八年伊朗爆發反對君主體制的革命時,他也組織示威活動,之後志願投身軍旅。一九八○年代兩伊戰爭過後,蘇萊曼尼在伊朗革命衛隊的官運亨通,很快於一九九八年獲最高領袖哈米尼拔擢為聖城軍指揮官,負責助伊朗在中東組成聯盟。他強化伊朗與黎巴嫩「真主黨」、敘利亞阿塞德政府及伊拉克什葉派民兵組織的關係。

哈米尼去年頒給蘇萊曼尼象徵伊朗最高軍事榮譽的Zolfaghar勛章,此乃自伊朗一九七九年建國以來,首位獲頒該勛章的部隊指揮官,這讓他的軍權愈來愈大,且直接聽命於哈米尼。

蘇萊曼尼曾入選時代百大人物

蘇萊曼尼二○一八年曾公開挑戰美國總統川普,直呼川普為賭徒,嗆聲伊朗最後將終結由川普開啟的美、伊戰爭。在美國去年將伊朗革命衛隊列為外國恐怖組織後,他回嗆與美國的任何談判,將等於「完全投降」。

出身寒微的蘇一九五七年三月十一日生於伊朗東南部的拉博爾(Rabor)鎮一戶農家,講話輕聲細語。他曾入選美國時代雜誌二○一七年百大最具影響力的人物,前美國中央情報局(CIA)分析師波拉克(Kenneth Pollack)在側寫中,形容蘇萊曼尼對中東的什葉派穆斯林而言,就是007情報員詹姆士.龐德、二次大戰的德國名帥隆美爾與美國天后「女神卡卡」的綜合體。

蘇萊曼尼遭美軍無人機襲殺後,伊朗示威者三日走上德黑蘭街頭焚燒美國及英國國旗洩憤。(路透)

蘇萊曼尼遭美軍無人機襲殺後,伊朗示威者三日走上德黑蘭街頭焚燒美國及英國國旗洩憤。(路透)

許多伊朗民眾在德黑蘭街上,為蘇萊曼尼之死而掩面哭泣。(路透)

許多伊朗民眾在德黑蘭街上,為蘇萊曼尼之死而掩面哭泣。(路透)

https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1343639



作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-7 09:14

數百萬人為蘇雷曼尼迎靈 伊朗反美達顛峰

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編譯季晶晶/綜合報導

伊朗最高領袖哈米尼六日在德黑蘭主持「聖城旅」已故指揮官蘇雷曼尼的迎靈哀悼儀式,哈米尼情緒激動當場落淚。伊朗國營電視台說,德黑蘭街頭有「數百萬人」悼念遭美國狙殺的蘇雷曼尼。

報導中說,上街參加悼念儀式的人數太多,很多人甚至無法走出地鐵站。路透指出,從電視畫面看來,這是一九八九年伊朗革命領袖柯梅尼葬禮以來最大規模的群眾聚會。

在儀式現場,蘇雷曼尼與另外五名死於美軍空襲的「烈士」棺木都覆蓋著國旗。哈米尼在棺木前禱告時情緒激動,一度泣不成聲。在德黑蘭街頭,不時可聽到群眾高喊「美國去死」。

許多伊朗人認為蘇雷曼尼是民族英雄。他在一九八○年代兩伊戰爭時就投身軍旅,近年來最被伊朗人稱道的戰功就是在伊拉克成功動員什葉派穆斯林民兵,協助擊敗遜尼派「伊斯蘭國」勢力。不過,美國認為他是恐怖分子,美國總統川普宣稱蘇雷曼尼正在策畫對美軍和外交人員發動攻擊,因此先動手除掉他。

蘇雷曼尼被公認是權勢僅次於哈米尼的伊朗第二號人物。伊朗去年十一月曾因調漲油價引發嚴重反政府示威,如今因蘇雷曼尼遭美國狙殺,全國又團結在反美的大旗下。

伊朗並在五日宣布,不再遵守二○一五年核協議對鈾濃縮作業的限制。川普二○一八年五月以這項核協議「內容糟糕」、「愚蠢荒唐」為由,片面宣布退出,並逐步恢復對伊朗的石油禁運等嚴厲制裁,想逼迫伊朗重談新協議。然而,一年多來,美伊緊張情勢不斷升高。

德國總理梅克爾、英國首相強生和法國總統馬克宏五日發表聯合聲明,敦促伊朗放棄違反核協議的舉動:「我們呼籲伊朗撤銷所有不符合核協議的措施。」他們也呼籲伊朗和美國節制,以及伊拉克應持續支持在該國駐紮聯軍。

更多udn報導

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E6%95%B8%E7%99%BE%E8%90%AC%E4%BA%BA%E7%82%BA%E8%98%87%E9%9B%B7%E6%9B%BC%E5%B0%BC%E8%BF%8E%E9%9D%88-%E4%BC%8A%E6%9C%97%E5%8F%8D%E7%BE%8E%E9%81%94%E9%A1%9B%E5%B3%B0-225104729.html


作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-7 09:17

開戰?伊朗號召1人1元 8千萬美元懸賞川普人頭

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新頭殼newtalk |洪翠蓮 綜合報導

[新頭殼newtalk] 影片出處:YouTube/The Telegraph

伊朗革命衛隊將領蘇雷曼尼(Qassem Soleimani,前譯蘇萊曼尼)上週遭到美軍刺殺身亡,他的屍身5日運回伊朗,成千上萬伊朗人民參與迎靈遊行。遊行主辦單位發起1人1美元捐獻,要募8000萬美元取美國總統川普(Donald Trump)的項上人頭。川普回嗆,如果伊朗對任何美國人或目標發動攻擊,美國將迅速全面地進行反擊。

美國與親伊朗武裝組織近來衝突不斷,去年12月27日,武裝組織「真主黨旅」(Kataib Hezbollah)突襲,發射至少30支火箭砲攻擊伊拉克北部城市基爾庫克(Kirkuk)一個美軍軍事設施,造成1名美國防承包商死亡,美軍隨即在29日對「真主黨旅」在伊拉克及敘利亞境內基地發動空襲,造成至少25人喪命。之後美駐伊拉克大使館又在31日遭到親伊朗民眾包圍焚燒,美國指責德黑蘭當局是幕後黑手,於是在3日瞄準目標,趁伊朗革命衛隊將領蘇雷曼尼受伊拉克準軍事組織邀請訪問時,在巴格達國際機場(Baghdad International Airport)連射3支地獄火火箭,狙殺蘇雷曼尼與親伊朗的伊拉克-伊朗軍事指揮官穆罕迪斯(Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis)。

蘇雷曼尼當場被炸死,引起國際震驚,伊朗揚言報復攻擊美方據點,而伊拉克國會也表決通過驅逐駐紮美軍決議,肯亞1美軍基地被攻擊,已有人員傷亡,美伊戰爭一觸即發。

最新消息傳來,德黑蘭當局5日什葉派聖城馬什哈德(Mashhad)為蘇雷曼尼舉辦喪禮遊行時,主辦單位在遊行中高呼1人捐1美元,就有8000萬美元可以懸賞,看誰能拿到川普的項上人頭,就能拿走8000萬美元賞金。另外,伊朗國會議員阿博法拉比(Abolfazl Abutorabi)也在議會公開會議上,威脅要攻擊美國白宮;伊朗並且宣布,不再遵守2015年簽訂的核協議的任何限制,該國82空降師的數千名傘兵,繼續向中東部署中。

對此,剛從海湖莊園(Mar-a-Lago)回到白宮的川普,在推特上回嗆,如果「如果伊朗對任何美國個人或目標發動襲擊,美國將迅速全面地進行反擊,而且可能採取不成比例的方式。此類法律聲明不是必需的,但是仍然會發出」!

影片出處:美國白宮臉書

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E9%96%8B%E6%88%B0-%E4%BC%8A%E6%9C%97%E8%99%9F%E5%8F%AC1%E4%BA%BA1%E5%85%83-8%E5%8D%83%E8%90%AC%E7%BE%8E%E5%85%83%E6%87%B8%E8%B3%9E%E5%B7%9D%E6%99%AE%E4%BA%BA%E9%A0%AD-000725306.html



作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-7 11:02

更正!更正!美伊兩國關係緊張,雙方目前還在極力克制中,但恐怕克制不了多久,不必等到三、四月,快的話,可能會在一月下旬就全面開打!三月裡有著更為慘烈的戰爭之象。2020開春不利,後續狀況還很多很多!

作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-8 09:19

伊朗國葬爆發踩踏意外 已知40死下葬延後

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TVBS新聞

美國派出無人機暗殺伊朗革命衛隊頭子蘇雷曼尼,美國和伊朗新仇加舊恨,如今瀕臨開戰邊緣,今天(7日)伊朗國會一致通過決議,把美國國防部和美軍列為恐怖組織,蘇雷曼尼的靈柩也終於送回家鄉,大批民眾上街參加出殯儀式,卻不幸發生踩踏意外,造成40人喪命,下葬被迫延後。


圖/達志影像美聯社

伊朗「聖城旅」已故指揮官蘇雷曼尼的靈柩返回家鄉克爾曼安葬,街頭上萬頭攢動。


伊朗群眾:「美國去死,美國去死。」


同聲一氣,高喊美國去死,廣場上擠得滿滿滿,都是來送蘇雷曼尼最後一程的伊朗民眾。


沒想到卻因為人太多,爆發踩踏意外,已知有40人不幸喪生,下葬儀式因此延後。


蘇雷曼尼要長眠於家鄉,但美國害死民族英雄的深仇大恨,伊朗人沒齒難忘。


CNN記者:「德黑蘭街頭上大家氣憤難平,大批民眾前來向蘇雷曼尼和其他在美國空襲中,遇害烈士的遺體致敬。」


前一天蘇雷曼尼和另外五名死於美軍空襲的「烈士」棺木回到德黑蘭,全民湧上街頭迎接,有人哭紅了鼻子,高舉著蘇雷曼尼的照片,伊朗民眾群情激憤。


伊朗民眾:「伊朗全民都在高呼川普下台。」


伊朗群眾:「美國去死。」


伊朗民眾:「蘇雷曼尼是英雄,他是我們對抗ISIS的唯一防護,我們要血債血償,大家跟我一起說美國去死,美國去死。」


要為蘇雷曼尼報仇雪恨,伊朗反美情緒升到最高點。


群眾:「真主至大。」


伊朗最高領袖哈梅尼在棺木前禱告,情緒激動,一度泣不成聲,此仇非報不可。


蘇雷曼尼接班人:「我們會繼續堅守蘇雷曼尼的路線,逐步把美國踢出中東地區。」


伊朗群眾:「美國去死,美國去死。」


美軍「斬首」蘇雷曼尼之後引發的美伊對峙加劇,伊朗宣佈不再遵守2015年「伊朗核協議」的任何限制,伊朗飛彈部隊也進入戰備狀態。


伊朗最高領袖軍事顧問德甘:「唯一能夠結束這一回合戰爭的方法,就是美國也受到同樣的重創,符合他們所施加的重擊。」


以牙還牙,伊朗鐵了心要復仇,聲稱會採取對稱反擊,不會攻擊美國平民。


伊朗國會議員:「不妥協不投降,報仇雪恨誓言報仇。」


伊朗國會通過緊急法案,宣告美國國防部和美軍是恐怖組織。


聯合國秘書長古特雷斯:「我的訊息簡單明瞭,停止升高衝突,展現最大程度克制。」


各國出面呼籲冷靜,英法德三國元首發表聯合聲明要求伊朗克制,原本就不對盤的美伊新仇加舊恨,因為蘇雷曼尼之死,結仇更深。


旁白:「二十多年來蘇雷曼尼擔任,伊朗革命衛隊的影子指揮官,一手主導中東和全球各地的,軍事行動和恐怖攻擊。」


蘇雷曼尼在中東地區掀起代理人戰爭,是反美勢力要角,伊朗人把他奉為民族英雄。


CNN記者:「蘇雷曼尼是伊朗第二把交椅,他被形容是集特種部隊指揮官,情報頭子和外交部長,三要職於一身。」


蘇雷曼尼之死牽動中東地緣政治,美國增兵,伊朗誓言報復,中東火藥庫隨時引爆。


伊朗群眾:「有仇必報有仇必報。」

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E4%BC%8A%E6%9C%97%E5%9C%8B%E8%91%AC%E7%88%86%E7%99%BC%E8%B8%A9%E8%B8%8F%E6%84%8F%E5%A4%96-%E5%B7%B2%E7%9F%A540%E6%AD%BB%E4%B8%8B%E8%91%AC%E5%BB%B6%E5%BE%8C-151117299.html


作者: 腋下魔人    時間: 2020-1-8 09:47

回復 16# 馬龍

https://www.ettoday.net/news/20200108/1620196.htm

伊朗反擊了
作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-10 22:05

「他想炸掉我們的大使館」川普曝擊殺伊朗指揮官原因

45.3k 人追蹤
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美國總統川普9日表示,美國先前接獲情資,得知伊朗軍事指揮官蘇雷曼尼(Qassem Soleimani)有意炸毀美國大使館,因此才會先下手為強,於蘇雷曼尼上週剛抵達伊拉克之際就將他狙殺。

川普曝光擊殺伊朗指揮官原因。(中央社/資料照片)

路透社報導,美國的空襲行動招致伊朗8日對美國駐伊拉克基地發射16枚飛彈反擊,美國國防部認為伊朗的攻擊行動意在造成人員傷亡,不過沒有遂伊朗的意。

川普在白宮告訴記者:「我們逮到一頭大怪獸,然後把他宰了,早該這麼做了。我們這麼做是因為他們想要炸掉我們的大使館。」

川普表示,美國發動這場空襲行動,也是因為獲伊朗撐腰的民兵去年12月以火箭攻擊美軍位在伊拉克的基地,造成一名美國民間承包商喪命,美國官員認為蘇雷曼尼也有參與密謀。

支持這些民兵的群眾隨後在美國駐巴格達大使館外發動暴力示威。川普說,蘇雷曼尼曾希望這些抗議活動變得更加暴力。

美國國防部不具名資深官員表示,蘇雷曼尼策動了美國使館外的抗議活動,也坦言曾有炸毀大使館的計畫,不過這名官員拒絕提供相關情資的細節。

美國伊朗關係惡化

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E4%BB%96%E6%83%B3%E7%82%B8%E6%8E%89%E6%88%91%E5%80%91%E7%9A%84%E5%A4%A7%E4%BD%BF%E9%A4%A8%E5%B7%9D%E6%99%AE%E6%9B%9D%E6%93%8A%E6%AE%BA%E4%BC%8A%E6%9C%97%E6%8C%87%E6%8F%AE%E5%AE%98%E5%8E%9F%E5%9B%A0-034547630.html


作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-1-11 10:14

「他想炸掉我們的大使館」川普曝擊殺伊朗指揮官原因

45.3k 人追蹤
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美國總統川普9日表示,美國先前接獲情資,得知伊朗軍事指揮官蘇雷曼尼(Qassem Soleimani)有意炸毀美國大使館,因此才會先下手為強,於蘇雷曼尼上週剛抵達伊拉克之際就將他狙殺。

川普曝光擊殺伊朗指揮官原因。(中央社/資料照片)

路透社報導,美國的空襲行動招致伊朗8日對美國駐伊拉克基地發射16枚飛彈反擊,美國國防部認為伊朗的攻擊行動意在造成人員傷亡,不過沒有遂伊朗的意。

川普在白宮告訴記者:「我們逮到一頭大怪獸,然後把他宰了,早該這麼做了。我們這麼做是因為他們想要炸掉我們的大使館。」

川普表示,美國發動這場空襲行動,也是因為獲伊朗撐腰的民兵去年12月以火箭攻擊美軍位在伊拉克的基地,造成一名美國民間承包商喪命,美國官員認為蘇雷曼尼也有參與密謀。

支持這些民兵的群眾隨後在美國駐巴格達大使館外發動暴力示威。川普說,蘇雷曼尼曾希望這些抗議活動變得更加暴力。

美國國防部不具名資深官員表示,蘇雷曼尼策動了美國使館外的抗議活動,也坦言曾有炸毀大使館的計畫,不過這名官員拒絕提供相關情資的細節。

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E4%BB%96%E6%83%B3%E7%82%B8%E6%8E%89%E6%88%91%E5%80%91%E7%9A%84%E5%A4%A7%E4%BD%BF%E9%A4%A8%E5%B7%9D%E6%99%AE%E6%9B%9D%E6%93%8A%E6%AE%BA%E4%BC%8A%E6%9C%97%E6%8C%87%E6%8F%AE%E5%AE%98%E5%8E%9F%E5%9B%A0-034547630.html


作者: 馬龍    時間: 2020-6-11 09:18

指揮官蘇雷曼尼遭擊殺 伊朗處死CIA探員

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The Central News Agency 中央通訊社

(中央社記者何宏儒安卡拉9日專電)伊朗司法部今天指出,伊朗人馬吉德為美國中央情報局提供情資,導致伊朗革命衛隊精銳聖城部隊指揮官蘇雷曼尼於1月初遭到擊殺。馬吉德已遭判死刑,很快會行刑。

半官方的塔斯尼姆通訊社(Tasnim News Agency)報導,司法部發言人艾斯邁里(Gholam Hossein Esmaeili)在記者會中指出,遭到定罪的馬吉德(Seyed Mahmoud Mousavi Majd)為美國中央情報局(CIA)和以色列情報機構摩薩德(Mossad)情蒐。

艾斯邁里說,情報內容包括伊朗革命衛隊(IRGC)精銳聖城部隊(Quds Force),以及聖城部隊指揮官蘇雷曼尼(Qassem Soleimani)的下落。

他指出,伊朗革命法庭已依間諜罪宣判馬吉德死刑,上級法院維持原判,死刑很快就會執行。

蘇雷曼尼和伊拉克民兵組織人民動員(Hashed al-Shaabi)高級指揮官穆罕迪斯(Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis),以及一干隨員於1月3日在巴格達國際機場附近命喪美國無人機突襲。白宮和美國國防部承認展開此一暗殺行動,並表示總統川普親自下令擊殺蘇雷曼尼。

蘇雷曼尼生前是IRGC負責海外行動的聖城部隊指揮官,在伊朗國內極具影響力,為伊朗在複雜而廣泛的區域權力爭逐中的焦點人物,更是反美勢力要角。蘇雷曼尼之死使得伊朗與美國結仇更深。(編輯:陳惠珍)1090609

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/news/%E6%8C%87%E6%8F%AE%E5%AE%98%E8%98%87%E9%9B%B7%E6%9B%BC%E5%B0%BC%E9%81%AD%E6%93%8A%E6%AE%BA-%E4%BC%8A%E6%9C%97%E8%99%95%E6%AD%BBcia%E6%8E%A2%E5%93%A1-102330405.html


作者: 馬龍    時間: 2021-1-5 09:50

蘇雷曼尼遭美暗殺滿週年 伊朗再放話「復仇!」

彭惠筠
·3 分鐘 (閱讀時間)

美國和伊朗關係,在2021年一開始就陷入緊張,因為1月3日正是伊朗將領「蘇雷曼尼」,遭美國暗殺滿一週年,伊朗、伊拉克都掀起反美抗議,而美國在跨年前還派轟炸機飛越中東,警告伊朗味濃厚,再加上美國航空母艦「尼米茲號」,也突然取消返航,繼續部署中東,川普卸任前,持續對中東進行軍事恫嚇。

圖/達志影像路透社
圖/達志影像路透社

戴口罩,拉開社交距離,一進入新年,伊朗各地掀起的不是慶祝儀式,而是悼念伊朗第二號人物蘇雷曼尼,遭美國暗殺,逝世一周年。

伊朗首席法官瑞西:「敵人必須知道從此刻開始,你們的生活只會為此變得更難過了。」

在首都德黑蘭,都可見到蘇雷曼尼的頭像看板,男男女女排隊悼念,不少人情緒激動還哭了。

伊朗民眾:「年輕一輩的人也會繼續遵循,將軍的腳步,會對以色列和美國及他們的支持者,痛打一巴掌。」

伊朗群情激憤,總統羅哈尼更點名,就是要美國總統川普和國務卿龐佩奧,付出代價。

伊朗總統羅哈尼:「主要就是美國總統和他的國務卿,這兩個是犯下這起犯罪的主謀,當然其他人也參與其中,而我們的國家不會放過他們的。」

不只有伊朗仇美情緒再度高漲。

伊拉克街頭,也同樣湧現上萬人悼念蘇雷曼尼的景象。

CNN記者:「我們過去一整夜及,現在白天看到的,全都是抗議,不只是悼念蘇雷曼尼的死,更要求伊拉克政府執行要美國軍隊正式從伊拉克撤出。」

事實上,在蘇雷曼尼去年遭到美國刺殺後,伊拉克議會就表決通過,要美國全數撤兵,但至今沒有發生,期間還發生當地武裝團體,包圍美國駐巴格達大使館事件,儘管目前同一個武裝團體,表明不會攻擊大使館,但是伊拉克政府的態度也很明確。

CNN記者:「伊拉克政府裡的大多數官員,不願再和伊朗及美國,有任何干係,他們只想遠離在一旁。」

從伊朗,伊拉克,到黎巴嫩,都在蘇雷曼尼身亡的1月3日發起大規模悼念抗議活動,但偏偏,川普今年的新年談話,還說要為中東地區帶來和平,這看在中東死對頭眼裡,無疑是挑釁。

美國總統川普:「在這麼多年無盡的外國戰爭後,我們簽下了歷史性的和平協議,在中東的一切都要結束了。」

事實上,就在跨年前,美國在12月30日還派出能載著核彈頭的B52轟炸機,飛到中東,說是為了壓制伊朗。

CNN記者:「有高層官員表示,他們發現有跡象指出,伊朗正在把短程彈道導彈,運往伊拉克,並且和當地武裝團體合作。」

而就在2020年,伊朗研發核武的重要科學家,法克里薩德,同樣遭到暗殺身亡,這也讓伊朗打算將濃縮鈾濃度,再度提高到20%。

伊朗原子能組織首長沙列西:「指揮官會下令我們就出擊,我們已經準備好了,並且可以盡快提煉20%的濃縮鈾。」

美國智庫學者揣測,川普可能會在卸任前,再對伊朗有所行動,但目前也傳出伊朗打算在拜登上任第一周,就將濃縮鈾純度提高到20%,給個下馬威,恐怕也將成為拜登上任後的第一場外交考驗。

https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E8%98%87%E9%9B%B7%E6%9B%BC%E5%B0%BC%E9%81%AD%E7%BE%8E%E6%9A%97%E6%AE%BA%E6%BB%BF%E9%80%B1%E5%B9%B4-%E4%BC%8A%E6%9C%97%E5%86%8D%E6%94%BE%E8%A9%B1-%E5%BE%A9%E4%BB%87-142402394.html






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